Recognizing and Treating Periodontal Disease

Known more commonly as gum disease, periodontal disease affects the gums and can potentially damage the roots of your teeth. While symptoms may be mistaken for other dental issues, it is important to recognize and treat the signs of periodontal disease. Farmington Hills patients can depend on our dental team at Scott J. Owens Cosmetic & Family Dentistry to confirm any indications of gum disease.

Causes and Symptoms
The main cause of gum disease is plaque, which builds on teeth during every day wear and activity. Over time, plaque can infect the gums and cause swelling, chronic halitosis, and bleeding after brushing and flossing. If these symptoms persist over long periods of time, ask a dentist to determine if you have periodontal disease. Our dentists at Scott J. Owens Cosmetic & Family Dentistry specialize in the recognition, prevention, and treatment of this disease.

If gum disease is not treated quickly, it can cause tooth decay and eventual loss. Abscesses can form on the teeth by the roots, leading to potential bone loss and further infections. These can lead infected gums to separate from the teeth.

Treatment Options
In its early stages, gum disease can be treated with routine, proper dental care such as flossing and using mouthwash. More severe cases require special treatment known as root scaling and planing. Done under local anesthetic, an ultrasonic scaler will remove the plaque and bacteria from underneath the patient’s gums. Afterwards, the teeth are planed to a smooth surface, enabling them to reattach to the gums.

While this procedure is normally effective, plaque may occasionally grow after it has been completed. Consistent dental care is required to prevent any risk of infection after the procedure. Patients will receive further care instructions from their dentist on how to prevent recurring periodontal disease. At Scott J. Owens Cosmetic & Family Dentistry, we offer more information about this process, and can perform root scaling and planing under mild sedation.

Treating this disease is a simple process, but recognizing and preventing it is essential to your dental health. With proper, routine dental care, the disease can be avoided, giving you a healthier mouth and preventing any further complications.


After graduating from the journalism school of the University of Maryland, Theresa began to gain interest in writing topics regarding the medical field after observing specific health patterns in her family history. Theresa recently quit her full-time job and left her home in D.C. to move to Medellin, Colombia to pursue remote work. Today, she professionally writes about dentistry, VA hospitals, alternative medicine, and other health-related matters.